Social Welfare at a glance - schemes and activities

The term Social Welfare in public domain encompasses Welfare in conventional sense, as well as providing legal remedies and Direct Benefit Transfers. Here we may briefly highlight a few activities that have gained importance over the years and have the necessary delivery mechanisms in place

Direct Benefit Transfer schemes :- Pensions and scholarships are paid monthly in this mode as delineated in the table below.

Sl No. Name of the scheme District Quota Amount (Rs.)
01 Widow Pension 2003 750
02 Old Age Pension 2764 750
03 Disability Pension 2136 750
04 Manabik Pension (> 50% disability) Unlimited 1000
05 Disability Scholarships 200 300
06 Economic Rehabilitation Grant 125 10000
07 Disability Identity Cards Unlimited -

Child Protection Schemes :- This is administered by the Juvenile Justice Act 2001 and has the following forms. 

Sl. No.
Type of Protection
Place of stay
Benefit
01 Institutional Care Govt. and NGO run Homes Full maintenance
02 Non - Institutional Care Govt. Hostels (Kastuba) Full maintenance
03 Sponsorship (individual child) Family or next of kin Rs.2,500/- per month*
04 Foster Care Foster Parents Rs. 2,000/- per month
05 Adoption SAA Homes (Govt / NGO) Full maintenance
06 Victim Compensation Family reintegration Rs. 3 - 5 lakhs**

                       * fixed by Child Welfare Committee for a maximum period of 4 years

                       ** awarded by State Legal Services Authority against Acid attack and Rape

Maintenance and Protection of Senior Citizens Tribunal:-

The Tribunal functions at Sub-division level under the Chairmanship of the SDO concerned with the District Magistrate being the Appellate Authority. In 2019-20 a total of 31 cases have so far been disposed of by the Tribunal. However, absence of Conciliation Officers, pace of enquiry by the police in cases of complaint and in execution of the orders by the Magistrate needs to improve. Most Senior Citizens do not have mediclaim coverage, as well as knowledge of property rules. This might be facilitated by the Govt. (in camp mode) which can make the scheme more effective.

Protection of women who are victims of Domestic Violence :-

The scheme grants interim relief to women who are victims of marital violence. Besides, it also has penal provisions other than those in section 498A of IPC. In 2019-20 a total of 31 complaints have been registered and are lying in different stages of enquiry and adjudication. However, advocates engaged by DLSA to provide legal aid to victims have mostly failed to cause hearing (at regular intervals) as a result of which the victims have not always got the benefit. District Authority should take this up with DLSA.

Disability Management Sector :-

  1. The Disability Relief and Rehabilitation Center caters a host of services to persons with disability. It acts as the extension arm of the State Commissioner of Disabilities and the National Trust Act.
  2. Manufacturing Prosthetic Aids and Appliances to Person with various types of disabilities.
  3. Organising monthly screening camps for identifying beneficiaries of Govt. schemes.
  4. Carrying out extensive IEC at Block and Samsad levels on Rights of Persons with Disabilities
  5. Helping District Authority to screen and grant Legal Guardianship of mentally disabled persons.

One Stop Center, Swadhar Griha and Widows Cell :-

One Stop Center has been envisaged as an emergency response to women in distress where they will be given temporary shelter, medical aid and legal and psychological counseling as needed thereafter. District Authority has installed the necessary physical infra-structure for this and formal approval from State is awaited. Two proposals from NGOs in Kaliachak - III and Old Malda Blocks for setting up of Swadhar Griha (home for adult women) have been sent for approval. Preparation of exhaustive database of widows by Labour Department and by Awws is in the final stages.

Children Home for Girls (Shaishali) :-

This is the only Govt run JJ Home in the district having its own building, where CNCP girl children (who have been placed by the CWC) stay and get a full range of basic services, education and recreational facility. In the last one year 436 girls have been rescued and 422 girls have been restored back to their families. Foreign (illegal) inmate girls are also staying here without discrimination and process of repatriation is underway using consular procedures and guidelines. Regular post restoration follow up visit is conducted by personnel of the Home and DCPU to guage if family integration has happened in true sense and if Kanyashree and other entitlements are reaching them.

Biswa Bangla